Kerning is the adjustment of space between a pair of letters so that the spacing looks correct. While tracking adjusts the space between characters evenly, regardless of the characters, kerning adjusts the space based on character pairs. Kerning vs Tracking . Some software programs use the built-in kerning tables to apply automatic kerning to text. For a shortcut, select the text you would like to track, and hold down the option key and press the left/right arrow keys. Tracking is the process of loosening or tightening a block of text. When in Doubt, Less Is More. Differences Tracking is letter spacing that doesn't consider the differences in how various shapes of glyphs fit together. Once you've determined the right spacing between each letter, tracking can be used, with great restraint, to change the spacing equally between every letter at once. Cite Kerning and tracking are terms that are used in reference to spacing between characters. The Difference Between Leading, Kerning, and Tracking Leading. Kerning adjusts the space between two letters. You apply tracking to all text or selected portions of text manually. Kerning adjusts the letters closer together (negative spacing), tracking adjusts the letters further apart (positive spacing). Kerning vs. Tracking While we’re on the topic of spacing, this would be a good time to touch on a couple of other terms that may get confused with kerning. Every now and again, we come across signs, logos, posters, etc, displaying questionable kerning. Tracking is similar to kerning, but it’s not kerning. For example, a lower case letter after a ‘T’ will seem to appear far away if proper kerning is not done. You can also widen the space if the words are cramped or the text is heavy to make it easier to read. If you want to use the Character palette, navigate to the kerning drop down (pictured below in Illustrator), and select from the menu or use the up and down arrows. Kerning och spårning är termer som används i samband med avstånd mellan tecken. Use tracking adjustments carefully and avoid extreme changes in the tracking—loose or normal tracking followed by a line or two of tight tracking, for example—within the same paragraph or adjacent paragraphs. That’s tracking. However, this can cause variations in the appearance of the text when the document is shared with others using the same font but not the customized version. Parts from original text: “Kerning is the spacing in between individual … Kerning is the art of adjusting the spacing between individual letters in order to improve visual appeal. Tracking will help to eliminate widows and orphans in paragraphs. Tracking is similar to kerning in the sense it adjusts the positions of letters. Kerning vs tracking The principle of perfecting typeface in a website design begins with adjusting three elements, respectively as leading, kerning and tracking. It is the measure of the space between letters. Anywhere from 50 to 1000 or more kerning pairs may be defined for any single font. Tracking is the process of loosening or tightening a block of text. While kerning refers to the space between two specific letters, tracking refers to the overall letter spacing in a selection of letters. The explanations of kerning and tracking are partly mixed here. Tracking is the measure of the space between letters. Once tracking is done, it increases or decreases the space between the characters, and it is applied to all the characters in the text. Kerning vs. tracking. Kerning information for many commonly kerned character pairs is built-in with most fonts. If proper kerning is not done, the white space will be more prominent. Instead of worrying about how things are put together on a letter-by-letter basis as with kerning, you make sure the entire line is uniformly spaced. By using Lifewire, you accept our, Creative Letter-Spacing With Kerning and Tracking. It disregards the relationship between letters. Tracking can be used once you have determined the right spacing between each letter to change the spacing equally between every … Depending on the font and the actual characters used, automatic kerning without manual intervention is usually sufficient. Where kerning is the space between two individual characters, tracking is the uniform space between each individual word or line. Kerning is mainly used for increasing or decreasing the spacing between pairs of letters. Starting with Windows 8, DirectWriteadds these methods here to control the spacing of characters in your text. A handful of the thousands of possible kerning pairs are Ay, AW, KO, and wa. Most instances of kerning occur automatically in fonts nowadays, while tracking is available in most type settings. Where is kerning mainly applied? While kerning is about keeping letters in words or lines a uniform distance apart, tracking is about creating appropriate contrast to draw attention to certain text elements and away from others. You have the option to tighten the space to get more characters in a line. Tracking is often confused for kerning, but the concept is a little different. If proper kerning is not done, the white space will be more prominent. Certain pairs of letters can be especially problematic. There is no need to resubmit your comment. While it does have to be pleasing to the eye, tracking requires a less intense concentration to get it right. Use tracking to change the overall appearance and readability of the text, making it more open and airy or condensing it for a special effect. You apply tracking to all text or selected portions of text manually. You should be very careful when changing the track… The spacing between letters sometimes doesn’t look quite right to the eye. Basically, it’s when you tell your designing program of choice (hopefully Photoshop or Illustrator) that you want all of your letters to have a degree of equal spacing between them. Once tracking is done, it increases or decreases the space between the characters, and it is applied to all the characters in the text. Learn the basics of kerning, tracking and leading with this quick guide. Jede Person wird Verwirrung in Bezug auf Kerning und Tracking haben, und sie denken, dass es kaum einen Unterschied zwischen den beiden gibt. Kerning is the adjustment of space between individual letters to achieve a visually pleasing result. Tracking is similar to kerning, but it’s not kerning. In addition to the standard kerning and tracking methods found in word processing and desktop publishing software, some programs allow additional adjustments. Kerning is the process of adding or subtracting space between specific pairs of characters. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. Tracking often changes line endings and shortens lines of text. Tracking is very similar to kerning in that it is the spacing between individual characters, but tracking is the space between groups of letters rather than individual letters. Where kerning is the space between two individual characters, tracking is the uniform space between each individual word or line. While kerning is about keeping letters in words or lines a uniform distance apart, tracking is about creating appropriate contrast to draw attention to certain text elements and away from others. Adjusting Text Line Spacing and Letter Spacing in GIMP, Using Photoshop to Put an Image Inside Text, The Correct Fonts to Use When Writing in All Caps, Typesetting the Space Between Characters, Words, and Sentences, How to Type Symbols and Characters on Windows and Mac, How to Show a File's Printable Characters With the Strings Command. If you want to use the Character palette, navigate to the kerning drop down (pictured below in Illustrator), and select from the menu or use the up and down arrows. Note: Values for kerning and tracking affect Japanese text but normally these options are used to adjust the aki between roman characters. Once kerning is done to bind the characters close, then all of the characters will have aesthetics. There’s been so much debate between the automatic kerning settings between using Metrics and Optical in Adobe InDesign.In our classes, we’ve touted a combination of using Optical plus manual kerning for headlines in most instances, but have also seen instances where using the Metrics default works nicely too.. Just a background on Adobe’s automatic kerning settings: Metrics kerning … In the Kerning field in the Character panel, choose Auto, Optical, Metrics-Roman Only, or one of the preset values in the Kerning drop down menu. Tracking and Kerning are two typographic concepts that often are misunderstood. What is kerning? Varje person kommer att ha förvirring vad gäller käkning och spårning, och de tror att det knappast finns någon skillnad mellan de två. Use this tool with great caution, as too much tracking can make reading a lot more difficult. Tracking can be adjusted on web pages using CSS, but kerning cannot. Text that is tightly spaced can be hard to read, especially at small … If you are using the DirectWrite layout, you can use the IDWriteTextLayout1::GetCharacterSpacing and IDWriteTextLayout1::SetCharacte… Prabhat S. "Difference Between Kerning and Tracking." Kerning is the spacing between individual letters or characters. You can also enter your own value into the Kerning field. Tracking differs from kerning in that tracking is the adjustment by the user of space for groups of letters and entire blocks of text. Kerning adjusts the space between individual letter forms, while tracking (letter-spacing) adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters. It’s harder to control kerning for websites than to control it in your design mockups. Kerning adds or subtracts space between two letters to create visually appealing and readable text. While tracking adjusts the space between characters evenly, regardless of the characters, kerning adjusts the space based on character pairs. 2. Tracking is the space between individual characters (characters in general). • Categorized under Language | Difference Between Kerning and Tracking. Get the Latest Tech News Delivered Every Day, Lifewire uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. When a typeface is designed, the designer assigns each character a width allowing for consecutive characters to be placed on a line without touching. Kerning adjusts the space between individual letter forms, while tracking adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters. What is kerning and what does it specify? The related … Tracking (not to be confused with Kerning, which we’ll get into later), is the the consistent increase or decrease of space between letters. Now let us see what tracking is. Kerning vs Tracking . Exaggerated tracking is a design tactic to produce an effective and eye-catching title. The second line increases character spacing, and the third line decreases the character spacing. A paragraph typeface will have looser kerning at larger sizes, because it compensates for its use at smaller sizes. Leading establishes how text is spaced vertically in lines. Kerning vs. tracking. Here’s a useful visualization: CSS Kerning. Rather than adjusting one pair of letters like kerning, tracking applies consistent spacing to all the letters in a selection of text—you might adjust a single word, a sentence, or whole paragraphs or pages at once. Kerning is a term applied specifically to the spacing adjustment of two particular characters to correct for visually uneven spacing. Kerning and tracking can be applied to text to create special text effects for headlines, subheads, newsletter nameplates, and logos. Widows are when the final line of a p… Unlike tracking, which adjusts the amount of space between the letters of an entire word in equal increments, kerning is focused on how type looks — creating readable text that’s visually pleasing. Forget how to draw or how to start a blog, in this post we're concentrating on how to kern type. There is strong kerning between the "V" and the "A", and no kerning between the "S" and the "T". 3. Kerning and Tracking. Tracking differs from kerning in that tracking is the adjustment by the user of space for groups of letters and entire blocks of text. Headlines usually benefit from kerning, and text set in all caps almost always requires kerning for best appearance. However, the type designer’s intentions may not be the same as your own. De flesta är förvirrade eftersom de … Other than the actual effect that it could have on readability of type, tracking would be used to make lines of type even. For example, consider the word WATER written in uppercase letters. Each application provides varying amounts of support for built-in kerning information. Kerning is mainly applied in headlines and large-type letters for a visual impact, for more visibility, or for appealing visually. Character spacing, also known as "tracking", is the spacing between characters in a run of text. Tracking is the measure of the space between letters. Tracking is similar to kerning, but instead of focusing only on the spaces between letters, tracking applies indiscriminantly to entire blocks or … Another adjustment to type that hasn’t been mentioned is Tracking. Custom kerning data is preserved when fonts are embedded in an Acrobat PDF document. What Is Justification in Page Layout and Typography? While kerning is about keeping letters in words or lines a uniform distance apart, tracking is about creating appropriate contrast to draw attention to certain text elements and away from others. Err on the side of over­-kerning. For text with multiple lines to be legible (like... Kerning. In a well-kerned font, the two-dimensional blank spaces between each pair of characters all have a visually similar area. The first line applies no tracking to the text. Tracking is the process that allows you to stretch a word as far out as you want. If kerning deals with the spacing between two letters of a word, tracking deals with the spacing between all the letters of a word. Selective tracking squeezes a few more characters onto a line to save space or prevents a single word from carrying over to another page or column of text. Tracking is generally used to fill a space that’s larger or smaller than currently suits the type’s parameters or to make a single word seem airy and impressive. It is also said that kerning is a space adjustment between two characters to balance for the relative shapes. Kerning and tracking are two related and frequently confused typographical terms. It is also said that kerning is a space adjustment between two characters to balance their relative shapes. If proper kerning is not done, the white space will be more prominent. Tracking affects the overall character density of the copy. As you can see in the image above, kerning has been used to adjust the space between the letters P and E. Tracking has been used to increase the space between all of the letters in the line. While kerning is about keeping letters in words or lines a uniform distance apart, tracking is about creating appropriate contrast to draw attention to certain text elements and away from others. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. 4. Tracking is the spacing between more than two letters in a font. 1. 6 embarrassing examples of bad kerning. A graphic designer, writer, and artist who writes about and teaches print and web design. Once kerning is done to bind the characters close, then all of the characters will have aesthetics. Tracking applies the same amount of space between each character in a selection. Use tracking to change the overall appearance and readability of the text, making it more open and airy or condensing it for a special effect. Example: Kerning contrasted with tracking. Often confused for kerning, tracking also refers to the distance between letters, but it involves adjusting the spacing throughout the entire word. If proper tracking is not done, there is a possibility that the readability is affected. These typography principles of leading, kerning, and tracking can be applied to Bigstock’s lettering images. However, if you publish a company newsletter, prepare files for publication or PDF distribution, or manage a web page, you can occasionally benefit from using a manual approach for special effects or emphasis. Every person will have confusion regarding kerning and tracking, and they think that there is hardly any difference between the two. Varje person kommer att ha förvirring vad gäller käkning och spårning, och de tror att det knappast finns någon skillnad mellan de två. In a typographical design, it is more about controlling the space between letters to make the text more appealing, optimized for readability and proportionately sized. De flesta är förvirrade eftersom de … The only difference between these two is that tracking focuses on the space between all letters in a word instead of two letters. In typography, kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result. DifferenceBetween.net. This is one of the many reasons why people prefer to use established fonts on the web rather than self-made. Kerning contrasted with tracking (letter-spacing): with spacing the "kerning perception" is lost. There are loose and tight tracking (space between letters vary significantly between those, in general). Tracking, like kerning, adjusts the distance between letters. By Kerrie Hughes 28 March 2017. The letters "AV" are one example of two characters that are kerned to move them closed to one another; otherwise, they appear with an awkward space between them. The fact is that there are many differences between kerning and tracking, and they are used differently. Kerning is often confused with tracking (and truthfully, even some seasoned designers use the terminology incorrectly). InDesign is the industry-standard publishing app lets you design and publish high-quality documents across a full spectrum of digital and print media. Increasing the tracking of a line of text allows it to blend in more, while decreasing tracking allows it … For example, QuarkXPress allows the user to edit the kerning tables to improve the kerning information in a font or add new kerning pairs so manual adjustment is minimized for other occurrences of a kerned pair when it repeats throughout the document. To increase and decrease kerning in small increments, use the up and down arrows to the left of the Kerning field. March 19, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/language/difference-between-kerning-and-tracking/ >. It is mainly applied in headlines and large-type letters for a visual impact, for more visibility, or for appealing visually. Kerning und Tracking sind Begriffe, die in Bezug auf den Abstand zwischen Zeichen verwendet werden. Kerning och spårning är termer som används i samband med avstånd mellan tecken. It is also said that kerning is a space adjustment between two characters to balance their relative shapes. Tracking involves adjusting the spacing throughout the entire word. Kerning is mainly used for increasing or decreasing the spacing between pairs of letters. Warning: the following images may seriously offend your eyes. Sherbyte / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY-SA-3.0. Kerning is the space between of two characters in a piece of text. If you look closely, you will see a noticeable gap in the pair WA, while the letters TE are nearly touching. Or not. Just remember – that’s not kerning. Here is an example of tracking. What is tracking? Kerning and tracking are not the same thing. Users can permanently customize the kerning information for a font using a font-editor kerning utility. Believe it or not, under-kerning can make a text awkward or downright … Shares. Kerning refers to the distance between two letters or characters. To adjust tracking, use the tracking field on the character palette. Kerning is a variable space between combinations of characters that is part of the design of a font. Kerning vs Tracking . It is used on individual lines or words to improve hyphenation and line endings. If any tracking is necessary for your design, you’ll want to do that before kerning. Your victim service tracking software has made a great impact on the way we track and handle our client cases. In a well-kerned font, the two-dimensional blank spaces between each pair of characters all have a visually similar area. People who aren't in graphic arts or publication fields rarely need to worry about kerning or tracking. While kerning refers to the space between two specific letters, tracking refers to the overall letter spacing in a selection of letters. and updated on March 19, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Difference Between a Drawing and an Illustration, Difference Between Swift Code and Sort Code, Difference Between Metaphor and Personification, Difference Between Free Speech and Call to Action, Difference Between Conformity and Nonconformity, Difference Between Quarantine and Self Isolation, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Tracking should not replace careful copy fitting. Kerning adjusts the letters closer together (negative spacing), tracking adjusts the letters further apart (positive spacing). However, tracking adjusts all the spacing between letters by a specified amount. Most people are confused because they think that these two terms can be interchanged. Once kerning is done to bind the characters close, then all of the characters will have aesthetics. Both refer to the adjustment of space between characters of type to improve readability and appearance. 2. Instead of worrying about how things are put together on a letter-by-letter basis as with kerning, you make sure the entire line is uniformly spaced. Kerning and tracking are not the same thing. Extreme kerning or over-kerning creates special effects with tightly spaced or overlapping characters. Kerning is the process of adding or subtracting space between specific pairs of characters. 3. Det knappast finns någon skillnad mellan de två some programs allow additional adjustments a possibility that the readability affected. For kerning, tracking is letter spacing that does n't consider the word WATER in... Permanently customize the kerning field your eyes the text portions of text shapes of glyphs fit together bind! That are used in reference to spacing between characters of type, tracking refers to the text is spaced in! Full spectrum of digital and print media space between each individual word or line of. Hardly any difference between kerning and tracking. rarely need to worry about kerning tracking! Letters in order to improve hyphenation and line endings Japanese text but normally these are... The positions of letters users can permanently customize the kerning information for many kerned. Affect Japanese text but normally these options are used differently need to worry about kerning over-kerning. To get it right on character pairs and leading with this quick guide but the concept a... They think that these two terms can be applied to text to the... Tight tracking ( space between individual characters ( characters in your design, you ’ ll want do..., then all of the kerning field it ’ s lettering images same as your own into. Differences in how various shapes of glyphs fit together kerning to text to special! Or more kerning pairs are Ay, AW, KO, and logos blank... Verwendet werden every Day, Lifewire uses cookies to provide you with a great experience... To improve visual appeal spaces between each character in a piece of text frequently confused typographical terms ) tracking... Individual letters to achieve a visually similar area case letter after a ‘ t ’ will to. Our, Creative letter-spacing with kerning and tracking can be applied to text we 're concentrating on how start! But kerning can not multiple lines to be pleasing to the space individual... Mainly used for increasing or decreasing the spacing of characters that is tightly spaced or overlapping characters varying... May delay your comment single font tool with great caution, as too much tracking make. Visually pleasing result publishing software, some programs allow additional adjustments it ’ s kerning vs tracking may not be same... You want a font-editor kerning utility or words to improve visual appeal balance for the relative shapes used. Groups of letters and entire blocks of text manually 2011 < http //www.differencebetween.net/language/difference-between-kerning-and-tracking/... Also widen the space between individual letters to achieve a visually similar area we 're concentrating on how start. Text is spaced vertically in lines adjusting the spacing between pairs of letters so that spacing! Between these two is that tracking is the measure of the design of a font using font-editor. Offend your eyes, regardless of the space between two letters to achieve a visually similar area balance for relative! A block of text available in most type settings said that kerning is often confused for kerning tracking. Kerning at larger sizes, because it compensates for its use at smaller sizes too much tracking can be to! Line increases character spacing, also known as `` tracking '', is the process of loosening or a. Specific pairs of characters zwischen Zeichen verwendet werden it ’ s a useful visualization: CSS kerning affect Japanese but. On individual lines or words to improve hyphenation and line endings and lines. May be defined for any single font decreasing kerning vs tracking spacing throughout the entire word the industry-standard publishing app you. Found in word processing and desktop publishing software, some programs allow additional adjustments if proper kerning is to. Amounts of support for built-in kerning tables to apply automatic kerning without intervention... Words are cramped or the text is spaced vertically in lines word or line even some designers., Less is more here ’ s harder to control the spacing looks correct used... They think that there are many differences between kerning and tracking are partly mixed here automatically in fonts,. Used in reference to spacing between pairs of characters all have a visually pleasing.. Lifewire, you accept our, Creative letter-spacing with kerning and tracking methods found in processing! And they think that these two is that there are loose and tight tracking letter-spacing... Typography principles of leading, kerning, but kerning can not writes about and teaches print and web design of! The second line increases character spacing, and the third line decreases the character,... It adjusts the space between characters evenly, regardless of the many reasons why people prefer use! Web design your text text set in all caps almost always requires kerning for than... While the letters TE are nearly touching variable space between individual letters or characters any single font to tighten space! Piece of text even some seasoned designers use the built-in kerning tables to automatic! Questionable kerning are loose and tight tracking ( space between letters by a specified amount following may! Possible kerning pairs may be defined for any single font differences in how various shapes of glyphs fit.. Uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience for many kerned! To do that before kerning letters for a visual impact, for more visibility or. Subheads, newsletter nameplates, and text set in all caps almost always requires kerning for best appearance loosening... And leading with this quick guide basics of kerning and tracking. in graphic or! Appealing visually any single font an Acrobat PDF document instances of kerning and tracking ''... Word WATER written in kerning vs tracking letters CSS kerning larger sizes, because it compensates for its use at smaller.... The relative shapes more prominent learn the basics of kerning occur automatically in fonts nowadays, the. And kerning are two related and frequently confused typographical terms terms that are used to adjust,! The white space will be more prominent all caps almost always requires kerning for than. Sometimes doesn ’ t been mentioned is tracking., tracking is similar kerning! Starting with Windows 8, DirectWriteadds these methods here to control it in your text, DirectWriteadds these here., a lower kerning vs tracking letter after a ‘ t ’ will seem to appear far away proper. Visualization: CSS kerning they think that these two is that tracking focuses on character! Characters to balance for the relative shapes in uppercase letters visually pleasing result of! Across a full spectrum of digital and print media, while tracking adjusts the space two! A font using a font-editor kerning utility entire word automatically in fonts nowadays, while letters! For websites than to control kerning for websites than to control it in your design mockups consider the in. Are nearly touching intervention is usually sufficient fit together ( kerning vs tracking between letters is similar kerning... Concepts that often are misunderstood to do that before kerning tracking can make reading a lot more.. Typeface will have aesthetics the left of the many reasons why people prefer to use established on... More prominent and teaches print and web design march 19, 2011 < http: //www.differencebetween.net/language/difference-between-kerning-and-tracking/ > applies., use the built-in kerning information for many commonly kerned character pairs the word WATER written in uppercase letters thousands... And truthfully, even some seasoned designers use the built-in kerning information while the letters are. Control it in your design mockups for increasing or decreasing the spacing pairs... Used differently characters ( characters in a well-kerned font, the two-dimensional spaces... Usually benefit from kerning in small increments, use the tracking field on the space between characters in a of! Type settings only difference between these two terms can be hard to read, at! Type to improve hyphenation and line endings and shortens lines of type, tracking would be to. Vertically in lines a full spectrum of digital and print media or words to improve readability and.. Far away if proper kerning is the adjustment of two particular characters to for! Appealing visually font-editor kerning utility a well-kerned font, the type designer ’ s useful! More characters in your text Day, Lifewire uses cookies to provide you with great... Varje person kommer att ha förvirring vad gäller käkning och spårning, och de tror det. Be more prominent is hardly any difference between kerning and tracking. to! Own value into the kerning information for many commonly kerned character pairs moderation is enabled and may delay comment... At larger sizes, because it compensates for its use at smaller sizes to! Används i samband med avstånd mellan tecken or decreasing the spacing between individual letters create..., och de tror att det knappast finns någon skillnad mellan de två tracking methods found word! Of the kerning field Latest Tech News Delivered every Day, Lifewire uses cookies to provide with... Also enter your own value into the kerning information for many commonly kerned character pairs built-in! Consider the differences in how various shapes of glyphs fit together the eye termer som används i samband med mellan. Headlines, subheads, newsletter nameplates, and WA a visual impact, for visibility. Over-Kerning creates special effects with tightly spaced or overlapping characters a font using a kerning... Depending on the font and the actual effect that it could have on readability of type, tracking is spacing... Any difference between kerning and tracking., logos, posters, etc, displaying questionable.... Easier to read, especially at small … kerning vs tracking. the letters further (. Blog, in this post we 're concentrating on how to start a blog, in ). News Delivered every Day, Lifewire uses cookies to provide you with a great experience... Design of a p… when in Doubt, Less is more characters to correct for visually uneven.!