Jaws was a landmark film because it introduced the concept of the modern blockbuster. This is achieved through double exposure that masks off part of the frame area for one exposure and the opposite area for the other. 17. A Grindhouse was originally a burlesque theater, often in a red-light district, that would show exploitation and B-films. It can help tie a film together, much like a framing device. abby singer (shot). It’s usually done to suggest a passage of time. It was commonly used to portray actors driving in a car. An extreme close-up is a close-up shot that films the subject incredibly closely. It refers to movies made outside the studio system. The 'soundtrack' is normally a collection of individual songs that are used on a film (e.g. The director makes day-to-day decisions about acting, lighting, sound, casting, and editing. New Wave originally referred to a collective of non-traditional, innovative French filmmakers, such as Alain Resnais, Eric Rohmer, and Jean-Luc Godard. Real time is when the timespan of a plot equals the running time of the film. It is one of many different lighting techniques. Decades ago, cameramen would say, “Wind, Reel, and Print, which would later become abbreviated as “WRAP.”. Little Shop of Horrors is a hybrid of a horror film and a musical. Chiaroscuro: the combination of the two Italian words for “clear/bright” and “dark”; refers to a notable, contrasting use of light and shade in scenes; often achieved by using a spotlight; this lighting technique had its roots in German Expressionistic cinematography. A traditional shutter angle is 180 degrees while the film itself is exposed for 1/48 second at 24 frames. It is designed to analyze the themes and various styles present within a given film. An audience will experience a cathartic moment when the hero definitively emerges triumphant over the villain. Experiencing Theatre – the influences of theatre - Theatre, like all performing arts, takes place in time as well as space. It's trendy, yet timeless and can grow to shape a company into an iconic brand. This is in contrast to a "single" or "two shot.". Either employed by a production company or working independently, producers plan and coordinate various aspects of film production, such as selecting the script; coordinating writing, directing, editing; and arranging financing.. During the "discovery stage", the producer finds and selects promising material for development. A Fresnel (pronounced “fruh-NELL,”) is is a hard-lensed light that comes in different sizes. Undercranking is the process of slowing down a camera’s frame rate. Today, “blacklisted” individuals are those who have trouble finding work due to a variety of reasons (difficult to work with, wronged someone powerful, etc.). The Dictionary is an extensive on-line reference of film, video and audio terminology as applicable to production and post production. Tropic Thunder is a satire of Hollywood and overly-serious actors. Cinéma Vérité is a French word meaning “true cinema.” It is a filmmaking style dedicated to capturing “real life” or utilizing techniques in a fictional film that suggest the viewer is peering into the lives of the characters. Whether you’re working on your first or 100th film, there is always something new to learn. It often provides information that will help the audience better understand the plot and is the opposite of an epilogue. If you compare their current logo with their previous ones, you will get to see a … motion picture industry. Guide to YouTube’s Royalty-Free Audio Library →, A Step-by-Step Guide to Holding Auditions →, Martin Scorsese and His Filmmaking Techniques →, Creating Unforgettable Moments with Music →, A Complete Ranking of James Cameron Movies →, Best Practices for Prepping Call Sheets →, Different Types of Cameras for Film & Video →, A Quick Guide to Aerial Shots with Examples →, Character Archetypes in Film & Literature →, Best Rankin Bass Christmas Claymation Movies →, Film Production Crew Contact List Template →, A Better Film Crew List Template Booking Sheet →, How Kubrick Uses Color in Mise en scene →, Cinéma Vérité — Style That Keeps It Real →, How to Format a Script With Keyboard Shortcuts →, 7 Pre-Production Hacks for a 2nd Assistant Director, Masterclass: Production Design Techniques, Mastering the Film Score: John Williams →, A Step-by-Step Guide for Holding Auditions, Mastering the Screenplay: Writing Exposition, Mastering the Shot List: Christopher Nolan →, Sound Recording Basics for Video Production, Inception Special Effects: Explosion Animation, How to Make a Storyboard for Video and Film →, How to Break Down a Music Video Treatment, How to Use a Green Screen in 4 Easy Steps, The Sunken Place: How to Break Down a VFX Scene, The Ultimate Guide to Call Sheets (with FREE Call Sheet Template), How to Break Down a Script (with FREE Script Breakdown Sheet), The Only Shot List Template You Need — with Free Download, Managing Your Film Budget Cashflow & PO Log (Free Template), A Better Film Crew List Template Booking Sheet, Best Storyboard Softwares (with free Storyboard Templates), Back to the Future Script PDF Download: Quotes & Character Arcs Explained, How Was 1917 Filmed — The Making of 1917 Explained, What Does a 2nd Assistant Director Do? A camera angle refers to the point of view the camera operator chooses to photograph a subject. Especially, when you need someone to translate ideas, emotions and messages into music it is quite difficult to communicate your internal musical concepts in a way that someone understands them sufficiently enough to come close to your ideals. It refers to making an adjustment so that a camera shot keeps its deep focus throughout all of the various planes. A storyboard is a sequential series of rough sketches or stills showing what will happen in the movie. They are shot on real locations, sometimes feature no professional actors, and often do not require a script. I want to learn more about filmmaking so I can watch independent and artistic films and get more value from them. The performer may receive a call-back for additional readings. A Gaffer Tape is a strong fabric-backed tape that is easily removed when no longer needed. A Satire is a ridiculing, mocking film that targets social, religious, political, or economic institutions. In film criticism, pan means to express a negative opinion of a movie. For example, Film Noir is expected is expected to have a lot of shadows and pose questions related to human corruption and betrayal. Join Macmillan Dictionary on Twitter and Facebook for daily word facts, quizzes and language news. A helicopter shot is a moving shot, often used as an establishing shot taken from a bird’s eye view. A Z-movie is an independently-made, low-budgeted, and often non-union movie with first-time directors and actors. It was part of the French New Wave movement and popularized in the states by David and Albert Maysles. A Kino Flo is a bank of fluorescent bulbs used for soft light. Each person listed receives a credit on what he or she did on the film. Looping is the process in which an actor re-records dialogue during post-production. In many cases, the outer portions of the subject will be cut out of the frame. For example, the great white shark in Finding Nemo is named Bruce, the name of the mechanical shark used for Jaws. This is for sound sync purposes. Afterwards, post-production is carried out using video editing methods, which completely eliminates the need for 35mm film. It can also include footage of historical events that have been archived. The main storyline is known as the A story while the subplot is referred to as the B story. It’s predominantly characterized by a lit-up triangle underneath the subject’s eye on the less illuminated area of the face (fill side). However, in popular circles, it refers to an assortment of songs heard through the film, which is then sold as an album. It is often phrased as “[Actor] inked a deal to star in [film].”. le film - film, movie le cinéma - movie theater A screenplay is the script for a movie production written by a screenwriter. An audio bridge is an outgoing sound, such as music or dialogue, that carries on from one scene to the next. This can be done to create an artistic effect showcasing discontinuity. Actors who play waiters are generally considered to have bit parts. This is in contrast to a conductor, who directs the orchestra playing the score, and a lyricist, who writes the lyrics to a song. You can have shallow, deep, or soft focus. Disney movies have a bumper of a magical castle, for example. MPAA is an acronym meaning “Motion Picture Association of America.” It is an organization that represents the interests of the primary motion picture studios including film ratings. The 'score' is different to a film's 'soundtrack'. Back projection (aka rear projection) is a photographic technique in which a live action scene is filmed in front of a transparent screen where a background is added later. A sleeper is a film released with minimal publicity that eventually becomes incredibly popular. Location sound is also referred to as a buzz track. celluloid. There are numerous types of lenses out there, including normal, telephoto, and wide-angle. A character study is the film where characterizations come first while the plot and narrative come second. First-run theaters were closed to most independents because their product was not sufficiently opulent. The shot is typically obtained from a plane, blimp, drone, or other aerial device. Used for all kinds of things on set. 16 synonyms of film from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 17 related words, definitions, and antonyms. A two shot is a close-up or medium shot of two people, who are typically talking to one another. cinemagoer. This is achieved by only printing selected frames from the continuously-exposed negative. CGI. The camera tilts up to capture the character or action, making the subject seem larger than life or more formidable. The narrator understands all of the thoughts, feelings, and events transpiring between the characters. It is scheduled for a future release. Avant-garde movies tend to challenge conventional filmmaking techniques. Named after pioneer Jack Foley. Available light is the naturally-occurring light you find on the film location. A related side effect of the increasingly high cost of film production was the subordination of the independent unit producer. For screenwriters, there are a few approaches to writing a montage. It is often an aerial shot, and it informs the audience of the time and locale of the setting. A Flag is a black, light-absorbing cloth (duvetine) stretched on a metal frame and used to block out areas of light in all different sizes. However, the antagonist can be a person, group, force of nature, or interpersonal conflict. It is commonly used to create a “ghostly” effect. It can also refer to a commonplace or unimaginative shot. The camera captures images using the lens, aperture, magazine, viewfinder, and other quintessential components. A Butterfly is a large sheet of fabric used to diffuse a wide area of light. White may not appear “white” under all lighting conditions, so this helps correct it. A Producer is a chief of a film’s production. We’re in a golden age of TV writing and development. When it does not cut to black first, it is referred to as a “dissolve.”. A subplot is a secondary or auxiliary plot that typically complements the main plot. A walk-on is a role consisting of a brief appearance on the screen. Patrons would pay a nickel to watch short films on individual machines like a Kinetoscope or a Mutoscope. A bounce board is a device used to reflect light during filming. As a result, the image on screen appears to be in slow-motion. It refers to the number of frames projected onto the screen per second. A cast is generally divided into two categories: the leads and the supporting characters. Storyboard Behind all that aesthetics are unavoidable technicalities created to protect the rights of the film. Film Terms Glossary Cinematic Terms. A master shot is a long take or continuous shot that shows the setting or main action of a whole scene. It can also refer to an individual costume and all of the accessories associated with it. It is typically done without any dialogue or credit. Single Reel – In 35mm a reel is 1,000 feet of film (or usually a little less). The screenplay contains all of the dialogue, character movements, and essential actions. Music playing on the radio or the sounds of keys turning within the ignition would be examples of diegetic sounds. abstract (form). Occupations Related to the Film Industry Producer. Working in the film industry can be a rewarding career for anyone with a creative mind. It is beneficial for deaf or hard-of-hearing viewers. While it is less common in modern filmmaking, every now and then you might hear someone yell “ striking ” when turning on a light. An assembly is the first step in editing. The camera records the action and dialogue from behind the actors’ shoulders. Words related to film industry list PDF To download and print this free English vocabulary list, click here. It is necessary for the director to figure out camera positioning, sound, and lighting. You’ve got a lot of genres to choose from: westerns (set in the American Wild West) or spaghetti westerns (those filmed in Italy) to action films (fights, car chases etc), adventure, animated (cartoons), or horror (lots of blood or ghostly visits). The telling of a story. A wrap is the completion of shooting either for the entire production or at the end of a single day. Subtitles are the printed lines of text displayed at the bottom of the frame. Tight on is a cinematographic term that relates to a close-up shot of the subject. Iron Man ends with a post-credits scene of Nick Fury informing Tony Stark about the Avengers Initiative. A superimposition is an optical printing process that exposes one image directly on top of another on the same strip of filmstock. A montage is a French term meaning “assembling shots” or “putting together.” It’s a film technique for putting together a series of short shots that create a composite picture. A protagonist is a character who pushes a story forward. A caricature is a character, usually a drawing, that is ridiculously out of proportion physically, psychologically, or morally. A soundstage is a huge, soundproof room used for movie productions. A swish pan is a camera rotation on the x-axis that moves so quickly it creates an intentionally disorienting effect. A Gate is a mechanism inside a camera or projector that holds the film steady as it passes by the lens. Acquire the Japanese words and vocabulary commonly used in things related to a typical Japanese office. 16. A cash cow is a movie that will be a guaranteed financial success. These films are usually defined by the loss of innocence, attaining sexual identity, and/or living out childhood dreams. This person adds or creates incident sounds and noises, such as gunshots, footsteps, and punches, to synchronize to the finished product. Plotting: Planning the storyline. The soundtrack is ultimately blended together by a mixer. It can be used to create giant, fantastical creatures or fill in a crowd in lieu of hiring a bunch of extras. The rose in Beauty and the Beast has become an icon. Writing exposition is particularly tricky when trying to weave it into the script organically. It’s meant to reflect the inner emotions of the characters or the filmmaker. Shallow depth of field might keep only one of those planes in focus, while deep depth of field would keep all of them in focus. A back story is the events that transpired directly before the film began. This term was named for a Production Manager/1st Assistant Director who worked from the early '50s to the early '90s. A C-Stand is a sturdy light stand that has three different legs that can be adjusted to accommodate steps; a long metal “arm,” and a round clamping head called a gobo. A mask would be necessary when portraying a character looking through binoculars. Today, many crowd shots utilize CGI so that the production does not have to hire a bunch of extras. You have to understand the reference to get. Previous Page We have collected almost all the words related to Music Vocabulary and listed them here for your reference. The bacteria in War of the Worlds could be considered a deus ex machina, one of many cliches to avoid. You should also make sure to check out our glossary devoted solely to cinematography terms that really goes into depth about some key terms every filmmaker should know. New Line Cinema, also known as New Line Productions Inc is a film production studio of Warner Bros. A dub will match the lip movements and actions of the filmed shots to make it seem natural. A long shot is a camera view of a character or object from a vast distance away. a traveling or moveable counter-balanced pole (also called fishpole or fishing rod), arm, or telescoped extension device upon which a microphone, light or camera can be suspended overhead above a scene and outside the frame during filming (by a boom operator or boom man); for example, a microphone (mike) boom, a camera boom, or a light boom; the most common film mistake is the appearance of … Production definition, the act of producing; creation; manufacture. First, there is a fade to black. ... (play or film or program or similar work) Executive Producer. Another word for this would be “subtitles.”. A telephoto lens is a camera lens with an incredibly long focal length as well as a narrow angle of view. Types of Shots in Film Explained. Exposition is the conveyance of vital background information, either through actions or dialogue, to further the events of a story. A miniature is a small-scale model photographed in a certain way to give off the illusion they are larger than what they actually are. Moonlight was the dark horse winner for the Best Picture Oscar over La La Land. This includes determining the placement for props. IMAX is a large-screen film format roughly 10 times larger than the traditional cinema format (35mm). It is designed to selectively illuminate prominent features on the subject to create shadows or depth. Underexposure is when an image is photographed with less light than what would be considered proper exposure. It can raise the camera high above the ground, allowing the camera to move in practically any direction. Iconography is the use of a famous icon or symbol. A convention is a typical element audiences expect out of certain genres of film without question. A handheld shot is captured through a handheld camera deliberately designed to look wobbly, shaky, or unstable. Denouement is the point in a film that immediately follows the climax when everything in the plot has been resolved. A Screenwriter is the individual who creates a movie’s screenplay. Helm is another word to refer to the director of a film. This emulates the widescreen format typically used on older, box-shaped TV screens. Many films made today heavily utilize blue or green screens. cinema the process or result of making animated films or cartoons, not seen or heard by the audience of a film, play etc, British film used in the past for producing moving pictures, a board consisting of two parts that are hit together before making part of a film, to make sure that the sound and picture happen at the same time, cinema to move quickly from one scene of a film to another, cinema a way of arranging how a film looks by moving, removing, or adding scenes, cinema a quick move from one scene of a film to another, a short shot in a film that shows something that is not happening in the main scene, a room where the separate pieces of a film or television programme are put together and the pieces that are not wanted are removed, theatrecinema to be in charge of making a film or programme, or getting a play ready for performance, especially by telling the actors and technical staff what to do, theatrecinema the work of directing a film, programme, or play, cinema to replace the soundtrack of a film with one in a different language, so that the actors seem to be speaking the other language, to change part of the original sound of a recording, especially a film, by adding new sound to it, to remove part of the original sound from a recording, especially a film, to replace the original soundtrack of a film with one in a different language, so that the actors seem to be speaking the other language, to make changes to a piece of film or a video, taking out the parts that you do not want, the activity of making a film or working as an actor in a film, to stop a video or film from moving forward, especially so you can look closely at one particular picture, the process of stopping a film in order to look at one particular image, a single image produced when you stop a film in this way, if scenes in a film are intercut, you see part of one scene first, then part of the other, then the next part of the first scene, and so on, usually to show you that different events are happening at the same time, a place where a film or TV programme is made away from a studio, cinema the buildings and the land around them where films are made, if a camera pans, or if you pan it, it moves sideways slowly to film something else or to follow something that is moving, used for describing the work done on a film or television programme after the action has been filmed, used for describing the work done on a film or television programme before the action is filmed, to organize the work and money involved in making a film, play, television programme, CD etc, the job or process of organizing the work and money involved in making a film, play, television programme, CD etc, theatrecinema a piece of furniture or small object used in a play or film, theatrecinema a written description of what happens in a play or film, to write or produce a play, book, film etc that happens in a particular time or place, an occasion when someone takes a series of photographs or makes a film, an effect in a film or photograph in which the image is made less clear in order to give a romantic appearance, the theatre, rather than films, books, or other forms of art, theatre to be a stage manager for a play or other show, a series of pictures that the director of a film uses to plan the action that will be filmed, cinema to move a film camera along on a track. A lap dissolve is a certain kind of transition between two scenes. A "scripter" can either create an original screenplay or adapt another's work, such as a book or news article, into a film. A camera is the most basic, essential machine necessary for filmmaking. Generally, a director will film several takes of the same shot. The plots generally focus on a group of people in their 20s or 30s dealing with terrible jobs or bad relationships. In writing, the foreground is generally abbreviated as b.g. or non-diegetic sound (e.g., scored music, narration, etc.). Choose from 500 different sets of vocabulary film production flashcards on Quizlet. Find your cool name at Brandroot. A PA is an abbreviation for “production assistant.” This is a member of the film’s crew who is responsible for numerous aspects of the production. Find another word for filmmaking. Vocabulary of Film Words With Definitions (Continued) Filmmaking Script writing: The act of writing a script for a film. It exaggerates the disparity, depth, and distance between the background and foreground. Therefore, there are rules and regulations when working with unions. An unreliable narrator is a character whose perspective we follow in the story but lacks a certain degree of credibility. A crawl is the superimposed text on the screen that can move up, down, diagonally, or across. It is also known as a house nut. Directing the eye is a cinematographic term. More contemporary connotations refer to reels as highlights of an actor or director's work used to get more work. Anime is a distinct form of animation that has roots in Japan. Today, electronic clappers have come into style. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. A character is the individual within a movie, played by an actor. This produces a baseline from which all other colors are measured. Anything occurring in the front plane of action is referred to as the foreground. This is used to increase the dramatic effect or create an “antique” aesthetic. A dissolve is a transitional edit between two scenes, shots, or sequences in which the image of one shot is slowly replaced, blended, or superimposed with a different image. A general release is the widespread distribution and simultaneous exhibition of a movie. The second most prominent actor will have second billing and so forth. It is this person’s job to photograph images for a movie by selecting the right lenses, film stock, camera angles, and recording devices to use. In recent years, it has been supplanted to new digital formats. They have become to be defined by campy acting, catchy titles, and low-grade special effects. Principal photography is when the majority of a film is shot. A jump cut is an abrupt transitional device that breaks up a continuous shot. editor. A head-on shot is where the action comes directly to the camera. Dailies are vital for making sure continuity is correct and sound quality is good. verb. This is often a musical selection that helps set up the theme and mood for the rest of the movie. Words for Movies & TV. Editing Terms Cut: You cut when you delete part of a clip. A B-movie is an offbeat, low-budget movie. Generally, this music helps set the tone or mood of the scene. The two individuals are then linked to each other, and the audience understands their positions. A normally-lit scene will transition to black or vice versa. This is part of the post-production process. It will blur the image, creating a hazy light. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They alternate together to build suspense. Blaxploitation is a combination of the words “black” and “exploitation” and refers to low-budget, sensational movies primarily made in the 1970s that featured mostly African-American casts and tackled gritty topics like racism, drugs, and the criminal underworld (e.g., Superfly). A climax is the topmost point of tension within a narrative. This is often music created specifically for the movie by a composer. Learn vocabulary film production with free interactive flashcards. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? It tends to be set at about a 90-degree angle from where the performers are located. It is in contrast to Expressionism. Filmmakers like Stanley Kubrick and Wes Anderson utilize highly-symmetrical frames in their work. Dailies are copies of the footage shot on the previous day and reviewed. Below is a massive list of film industry words - that is, words related to film industry. A score is the musical portion of a film’s soundtrack. 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Right-Hand corner of a teleprompter making them represent something more than anyone else the. The hero definitively emerges words related to film production over the villain information given to the distribution of power who provides comedic in!